Express Entry is the flagship system that Canada uses to manage immigration applications submitted by skilled workers around the world. Launched in 2015, Express Entry has revolutionized Canada’s immigration system.
Prior to Express Entry, Canada processed immigration applications for skilled workers in the order in which they were submitted. This resulted in a very slow system, as more requests were submitted than Canada could handle.
As such, successful applicants often had to wait several years, sometimes five years or more, before IRCC granted them permanent residence (PR).
Express entry is a more dynamic system. Applicants upload their profiles for free from the IRCC website. They receive a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score based on characteristics such as their age, education, skills in English and/or French, work experience, among other factors.
Every two weeks, IRCC sends invitations to apply for permanent residence to applicants based on their CRS scores. The IRCC processing standard for permanent resident applications is now six months or less.
Each year, IRCC publishes an analysis called Express Entry Year-End Report. This report is important and useful because it provides a lot of information on Express Entry, such as how it works and the demographic characteristics of candidates for Express Entry.
For example, the report tells us that IRCC issued 85,300 ITAs in 2019.
Where is the majority coming from?
Here’s where they came from:
- India (47% of all ITAs)
- Nigeria (7%)
- China (7%)
- Pakistan (3%)
- United Kingdom (2%)
- Brazil (2%)
- United States (2%)
- Iran (2%)
- France (2%)
- South Korea (1%)
What are the major reasons Indians move to Canada?
Not surprisingly, Indians continue to receive the majority of ITAs.
As the second-largest country in the world, India has a large middle-class population who speak English, have a high level of education, and have the work experience and skills that employers want in Canada.
The IRCC Express Entry report shows that the main occupations of the candidates selected for Express Entry in 2019 were:
- Software engineers and designers
- Information systems analysts and consultants
- Computer programmers and interactive media developers
- Financial auditors and accountants
- Administrative assistants
Indian professionals arrive in Canada with this type of professional training and are particularly skilled in ICT related occupations. In fact, many are former H-1B visa holders or others who worked in technology jobs in the United States and then decided to move to Canada. The IRCC report shows that 12% of ITAIs went to people living in the United States in 2019.
The recent US government freeze on H-1B visas has created a lot of uncertainty for global talent. As a result, it is possible that more Indians will succeed with Express Entry in the near future and move to Canada from India and the United States.
ITA’s issued to the candidate’s outside from Canada
Some 48 percent of ITAs were awarded to Express Entry applicants who were already resident in Canada. This is a function of how the Express Entry CRS allocates points.
Much research shows that immigrants with Canadian experience are able to integrate quickly into the Canadian economy once they have obtained PRs. Fortunately, research shows that immigrants who arrive in Canada from abroad also do very well in the economy.
Since CRS awards additional points to applicants with Canadian training and work experience, Canadian international alumni and foreign workers have a considerable advantage in Express Entry. The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is one of several programs designed to help these people get public relations. Many components of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), for example, also have the same objective.
Applicants residing outside of Canada should not hesitate to submit an Express Entry profile.
After all, they still represent the majority of successful applicants. In addition, the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) remains the main Express Entry program, accounting for 45% of all ITAs.
It is true that IRCC has not issued an ITA to the Federal Skilled Worker program’ candidate since the start of the pandemic. However, these candidates should not give up hope. Canada values global talent from around the world and will eventually start issuing ITAs to people currently residing outside of its borders.
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