The 2020 Parents and Grandparents Program admission window is open from October 13 to November 3.
In this time, Permanent residents and Canadian citizens can submit Sponsorship Interest Forms on the IRCC website. IRCC will host a lottery and will invite candidates to submit their sponsorship applications to bring their parents and grandparents to Canada, after November 3. IRCC will accept up to 10,000 applications for the PGP 2020 window.
The benefits of the PGP are obvious to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who bring their parents and grandparents to Canada. They can find their loved ones. Their parents and grandparents enjoy all the benefits of being permanent residents, such as the ability to work in Canada, access health care, and eventually gain the right to become Canadian citizens.
Economic effects of Canada’s PGP
Research shows that parents and grandparents contribute to household income, allowing families to have greater purchasing power.
Buying a home is the biggest purchase we all make, and the homeownership rate of immigrant families is equivalent to that of Canadian-born families (about 70% of families own a home).
In addition to supplementing household income, parents and grandparents allow their children and grandchildren to work longer hours. The reason is that parents and grandparents can provide childcare services, which gives the rest of the family more flexibility to seize economic opportunities.
In the past, Canadian government polls have found PGP to be one of the least popular immigration routes among Canadians. This is understandable given the perception that parents and grandparents contribute little to the Canadian economy and are likely to represent a significant expense for social services such as health care.
However, it is important to remember that Canada alleviates these concerns in several important ways. First, parents and grandparents make up only 6% of the total number of immigrants that Canada receives in a typical year.
To immigrate to Canada, parents, and grandparents, like all immigrants, must pass a medical examination authorized by the Canadian government to ensure that they do not place undue strain on the Canadian health care system.
Third, there is a 20-year commitment period on those who sponsor their parents and grandparents imposed by the country. This means that the sponsors sign a contract with the Canadian government that they will be financially responsible for their parents and grandparents for 20 years from the date their family member obtains permanent residence. Throughout this period, the respondent is legally bound to repay any social assistance received by his parents or grandparents. This results in very low use of social assistance by parents and grandparents.
Finally, through its immigration system, Canada is targeting its economic, social, and humanitarian objectives. He wants immigrants to benefit the economy and thus chooses nearly 60 percent of his immigrants from the economy class. He also seeks to reunite families, which is why he manages the parents and grandparents program. Third, it seeks to help those who are less fortunate for humanitarian reasons.
While this should not be viewed from an economic perspective, it can certainly be argued that the Parents and Grandparents Program is helping the Canadian economy.