How Express Entry Program and PNP Performed in the Year 2019?

The year 2019 has kept most of the aspirants for Canada PR Visa on their toes with its unexpected number of turns and twists.

Coming just short of 2018’s record for the most number of ITAs issued in a single year, 2019 has finished with impressive 85,300 Invitations to apply (ITAs) for Canada PR Visa through Canada’s main source for skilled immigrants – Express Entry Program.

Since its introduction in 2015, it was the second-highest number of invitations issued for the program that manages the profiles of the skilled immigrants who have applied for Canada PR Visa through Canada’s three skilled immigration programs – Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC) and Canadian Experience Class (CEC), with a portion of its Provincial Nominee Program (PNPs).

In the year 2019, Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC) held a total of 26 Express draws, with 24 all program express draws ranging from size 3,200 to 3,900 ITAs.

Less ITA issued in 2019 than expected

Express Entry program was expected to increase the number of invitations issued in the year 2019 in comparison to 2018, given Canada’s higher admission rate targets for the year 2019 and 2020. But with 2018 issuing many invitations in later months, one of the main reasons that can explain the shortcoming with ITAs for the year 2019, can be IRCC trying to maintain its application processing time under six months for Express Entry program by keeping the number of ITAs issued down.

Express Draw Size for the year 2019

Defining development in the year 2019 for express draws was the deviation of IRCC from the pattern that was established in 2018 that mostly saw express draws sizes incrementally increased every two to three months over the year, from 2,750 to 3,900 ITAs.

Express draw size in 2019 followed a less predictable pattern, keeping the observers guessing whether the size will increase or decrease with every new round of draws.

Three last months were a case to observe with express draw size increasing briefly to 3,900 ITAs in the month of October but dropped to 3,600 in November and the two draws in the month of December with the size of 3,200 ITAs each.

IRCC will be required to increase the draw size or held in draws in more frequency, in order to meet their higher admission targets for the year 2020 and 2021. The target for new PR through three major federal high-skilled immigration programs is set to rise from 85,800 for 2020 to 88,800 for 2021.

With the re-election of Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party in October’s federal elections, it is likely to increase admission rate for the year 2022 and 2023 as it Trudeau’s government that introduced the steadily rising multi-year immigration targets in 2017 seeing a gradual rise for Canada PR reach 350,000 in 2021.

Minimum CRS Score Required in 2019

Talking about the minimum Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score required in the year 2019 over the 24 all-program express draws, it ranges from a low of 438 points on January 30 to a high of 475 on October 30.

These higher requirements of the CRS score in 2019 can be explained by the combination of smaller express draws throughout the year and more than two weeks between express draws on four occasions in the same year.

Following table shows the express draws held in the year 2019 with their respective size and the minimum CRS score required:

Date Number of ITAs issued Minimum CRS Points Required
Dec 19 3,200 469
Dec 11 3,200 472
Nov 27 3,600 471
Nov 13 3,600 472
Oct 30 3,900 475
Oct 16 500 (Federal Skilled Trades Only) 357 (Federal Skilled Trades Only)
Oct 2 3,900 464
Sept 18 3,600 462
Sept 4 3,600 463
Aug 20 3,600 457
Aug 12 3,600 466
July 24 3,600 459
July 10 3,600 460
June 26 3,350 462
June 12 3,350 465
May 29 3,350 470
May 15 500 (Federal Skilled Trades Only) 332 (Federal Skilled Trades Only)
May 1 3,350 450
April 17 3,350 451
April 3 3,350 451
March 20 3,350 452
March 6 3,350 454
Feb 20 3,350 457
Jan 30 3,350 438
Jan 23 3,900 443
Jan 9 3,900 449


Banner Year for Canada’s PNP – 2019

The best news coming out of the Express Entry program in 2019 was the activity of PNPs linked with the express entry program.

Provincial Nomination Programs (PNPs) allow the provinces in Canada to nominate/select skilled immigrants with the required skills and work experience for permanent resident status in the respective province. Every PNP has a stream that is in-line with the Express Entry program these nomination streams are termed as “enhanced” stream. These streams allow the provinces to search for skilled immigrants in the federal government’s Express pool. For an express entry candidate to land a provincial nomination certificate, they are given a boost of 600 CRS points.

There are some enhanced streams that have low or no CRS score requirements that provide an opportunity to express entry candidates with low CRS scores to apply for Canada PR Visa.

Some of the major PNPs that were active in the year 2019 are as follows:

Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP): OINP has three streams that are in-line with the Express entry program: Human Capital Priorities Stream, French-Speaking Skilled Worker and Skilled Trades. These streams see a total of 8,906 invitations issued in the year 2019 to express entry candidates.

Province of Ontario introduced new innovative draws – Tech draws. These tech draws targeted Express Entry candidates with work experience in six tech-related occupations. These tech draws were held on two occasions in 2019 and invited 3,396 Express entry candidates.

Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP): AINP’s Express Entry Stream emerged as the most active PNP pathway in the year 2019. A total of 6,884 express entry candidates have invited over 31 provincial draws in 2019. In five of these draws, minimum CRS requirement was set at 300 points and not a single one the provincial draws had the minimum CRS score requirement higher than 400 points.

Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP): SINP – Express Entry Stream invited 4,836 ITAs to express entry candidates to apply for a provincial nomination for Canada PR Visa.

Key development under SINP was the switch from an In-Demand Occupation List to an Excluded Occupation List.  Through this move, more than 200 occupations were made eligible in the province that sees a flurry of EOI (Expression of Interest) draws that sees a total of 3,800 Express entry candidates invited.

Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP): Nova Scotia with their “enhanced” stream – Labour Market Priorities Stream, invited express entry candidates with work experience in occupations that includes financial auditors and accountants, registered nurses, social workers, early childhood educators and candidates with work experience in advertising, marketing or public relations. These candidates were invited through eight occasions in 2019.

Targets for Canada PNP’s are also set to increase from 67,800 in 2020 to 71,300 in 2021.

To know more about Canada Immigration, call The Best Immigration Consultant – Nationwide Visas @ 92-92-92-92-81.

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