Canada’s federal government’s 2020-2022 Immigration Levels Plan announcement is going to be the main topic for the discussion on issues such as many new immigrants in Canada, immigration categories and whether the country will be able to integrate these newcomers in its economy and labour market.
The process of welcoming immigrants can be shaped by the following six major factors:
- Demographics and economics
- Canada’s policy goals
- Global Circumstances
- Canada’s integration capacity
- Canada’s processing capacity
Demographics and Economics
Canada has one of the world’s oldest demographic and one of the world’s lowest birth rates. To tackle this, Canada is required to welcome more skilled immigrants to promote the demographic and labour force that is necessary for the economic growth of the country.
The main three reasons for Canada welcoming new immigrants are Economic growth, Family reunification, and help refugees. All the immigration policies are designed by keeping these goals in mind. This can be seen as the country has admitted over 40 percent of its immigrants under the family and refugee classes each year.
While assessing their economic class policies, Canada has to make sure that there is enough demand from the immigrants to move to this country by responding to the global circumstances. As a member of the international community, Canada should assist when humanitarian crises occur.
This results in Canada, revising their immigration policies for refugees. Most recently, this has occurred when the immigration levels were increased and refugee intake back in 2015-16 was welcomed for more Syrian refugees.
Canada’s Integration Capacity
To support new immigrants to easily integrate into the local labour market, the federal government must have confidence in their country’s economic conditions. For this, they have made sure that the resources are in place nationally such as adequate immigrant settlement supports (e.g., language and job training), affordable housing, health care services, and public transportation that can support a larger part of the population.
Canada’s Processing Capacity
Demand for moving to Canada from across the globe far exceeds the country’s supply of immigration spots; the government has to take in notice their capacity to process the immigration applications as quickly as possible. Increasing their targets needs to be in-line with their processing capacity.
Canada has successfully introduced the Express entry program to fast-track the application for Canada PR Visa. An ideal application takes around 6 to 8 months to process.
It all comes down to the government’s decision to set the level of immigration irrespective of what the economic justification, or how the general public feels. The government can choose immigration levels on how they feel it can impact the present government in the upcoming election.
This may imply that the government can reduce immigration levels, even when the country requires more immigrants. This can be seen in the province of Quebec. Quebec requires a much higher admission rate for skilled immigrants, but its current provincial government has decided that it’s in the best political interest to keep the intake low.
This can also be said for the federal government, as it could perhaps justify Canada’s increasing level plans, with the country’s low unemployment rate at the moment. They may have made this decision to slowly increase levels to potentially avoid negative reactions from the general public.
Of all these six major factors, politics is undoubtedly the most prominent factor in deciding the shape of Canada immigration.
Reference is taken from CIC News