Liberal’s won a minority victory on October 21 federal election that means the Canada Immigration policies will remain stable as long as liberal is able to maintain confidence in Parliament. Justin Trudeau will be required to rely on the support of at least one of the other party to pass any legislation in the Parliament. There will be no major changes in the immigration policies with the majority of the parties in the federal election having the same views on the policies.
A rise in the Immigration levels
During the Liberal’s current immigration policies, they have targeted to increase from 330,800 in 2019 to 350,000 by 2021 and with this new mandate; it is safe to say that the trend will tend to increase. We can expect to increase the admission rates for skilled immigrants to increase by 10,000 new immigrants or so beyond 2021. This could mean that the country immigration target could reach approximately 370,000 by the year 2023.
Introduction of a new Immigration Program
Liberals in their first term have launched various immigration programs. With main focus on the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP) and to make it a permanent immigration program if the Liberal’s were chosen into power again.
One of the major upcoming immigration programs by them is the Municipal Nominee Programs (MNP) which is to focus on welcoming more immigrants in order for the development of smaller cities across the country. 80 percent of the immigrants moving to bigger cities in the provinces except in the provinces like New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, and Alberta (each of them having a minimum of two main cities).
Another major concern of the MNP is the selection criteria for the program. It is to model after the immigration programs AIP and Rural Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP) – both of them were also launched by the liberals. Both of these programs work on the Employer driven immigration which means that the designated employers will be able to support the application immigrants who will be able to meet their requirements and labour needs.
The major issue with the MNP is the distribution of 2,750 principal applicant spots across a country with 35 census metropolitan areas – cities with at least 100,000 people – and 117 census agglomerations, which have a population of 10,000 people or more.
One of the solutions that liberal could implement for this would be to narrow the MNP’s eligibility by precluding the Atlantic Provinces and designated communities under RNIP from using the MNP. This will allows only the small and medium-sized cities in Saskatchewan, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, and Manitoba to benefit from MNP.
Waive in Citizenship Fees
Liberal’s has pledged to waive fees to apply for citizenship for eligible PR suggesting in the increment in an already higher rate of citizenship acquisition will further increase. Currently, an adult has to pay CAD $350 with a “Right of Citizenship Fee” of CAD $100 to support the citizenship application.
They have earmarked CAD $110 million for the year 2023-2024 to manage the expected increase in the applications for citizenship that is an increase of 40% from what they have planned to spend in this policy incoming federal government fiscal year ($75 million)
Stability in the Immigration System
2019 campaign highlighted that the majority of the parties have the same views on the fundamentals of immigration that is to welcome immigrants in order to help in the economic development of the country. This shows that how Canada has a unique approach among the western democracies at a time of growing polarization in the world.
This exceptionalism is due to political calculus: in 2019 it is tough to succeed in the Federal Election without the support of the immigrant voters.
Increment in the Settlement funds
Both the major parties in Canada – Conservative and Liberal have overseen a substantial increase in the settlement funds over the span of 20 years.
Settlement funds envelop the fund’s services which are aimed at fostering economic and social integration, that currently stands at CAD $1.5 million and is expected to increase more under the minority government of Liberal’s with the increment in the immigration levels.
Reference is taken from CIC News